• Cerebral Palsy

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Cerebral palsy is caused by or abnormalities of the brain. Most of these problems occur as the baby grows in the womb, but they can happen at any time during the first 2 years of life, while the baby's brain is still developing.
In some people with cerebral palsy, parts of the brain are injured due to low levels of oxygen (hypoxia) in the area. It is not known why this occurs.
Premature infants have a slightly higher risk of developing cerebral palsy. Cerebral palsy may also occur during early infancy as a result of several conditions, including:
In some cases the cause of cerebral palsy is never determined.

Types of Cerebral Palsy

Educational Service Resources for Students with Cerebral Palsy

  • Niagara Cerebral Palsy is a resource center approved by both the New York state health department and department of education. Their educational division provides therapeutic services and educational services to children from birth to age five. They provide evaluations, early intervention, special, separate classes or an integrated preschool program. http://www.ucpaofniagara.com/content/pages/educational
  • Life After High School Transition Kit is a PDF packet that seems as though it would be a useful resource for parents of students who are thinking about the transition process from high school to adulthood- such as finding jobs, life after education, etc. It contains information about how the parents can be involved in developing the transition aspect of the IEP and how they can get their children involved in planning their transitions. http://www.pacer.org/tatra/2009Award.pdf
  • Going to College is a website that is interactive and fun and helps kids with disabilities learn about life at college, and what they can expect in attending college. A lot of time, kids with Cerebral Palsy are capable of going to college with the appropriate supports, so this is a good resource for them to learn what to expect. They create a portfolio about themselves that helps to determine good placements for them, learn about the expectations of professors and other students, and the website helps them prepare and apply for college! It is a great resource for both families of a child with disabilities and for the child.
  • All About Therapy is an occupational therapy center located throughout North Carolina. They do occupational therapy and also do early intervention for younger children. Their focus is on not only helping the child succeed, but also in providing support for the family. The owner is a family-oriented mom, and makes sure that all of the therapists in her practice focus on the family and ensuring that they understand everything that is happening with their child. Their website is also helpful because not only does it contain information about All About Therapy, but it contains information about typical developmental milestones.
  • Kennedy Krieger Institute is a nationally-known resource and treatment center for children and adults with disabilities. They offer both out-patient visits, and in-patient hospital services. We are lucky to have Kennedy Krieger right here in Baltimore, because people travel from all over the country to have their children evaluated, treated or educated there. They offer many programs that are beneficial to children with Cerebral Palsy, but one that sounded the most interesting to me is the Aquatic Therapy Program. They have state-of-the-art pools that vary by therapeutic need, including ones that have treadmills built right in to them so that people can work on muscle movement, which is one of the prime struggles with Cerebral Palsy. It helps work on balance, strength, endurance, range of motion, circulation, self-esteem and overall quality of life for people with Cerebral Palsy and other disabilities.http://www.kennedykrieger.org/patient-care/patient-care-programs/outpatient-programs/aquatic-therapy-program
  • The Delrey School is a school specifically for students with Cerebral Palsy conveniently located here in Baltimore, MD. They have state-of-the-art therapy centers, and have teachers that are committed to providing the best education possible to children with Cerebral Palsy and multiple disabilities. They also offer social services for parents, health care services for students, wheelchair evaluations, assistive technology evaluations and adaptive equipment. They also offer a wide range of extracurricular activities for children with Cerebral Palsy!

Local Support Groups and Educational Conferences

Recreational and Community-based Resources

Funding/Legal Advocacy

  • Cerebral Palsy International Research Foundation is an organization that provides research information and funding information. Click here to find out more information: http://www.cpirf.org/stories/1741
  • My Child with Cerebral Palsy lists many links to community supports and funding supports for Cerebral Palsy. To find all this great information click here: http://cerebralpalsy.org/popular/funding-sources/
  • Childrens Hemiplegia and Stroke Association is a non profit support organization that provides links to legal funding supports. This site also gives other helpful information about CP.http://www.chasa.org/cerebralpalsy.htm?gclid=CIjVg--3tqwCFYHe4AodS27-Hw
  • Social Security Disability Help provides federal funding for people with disabilities including Cerebral Palsy. To find out more information or to see if your eligable go to this link:
  • Cerebral Palsy Cost is a site that provides information and links to sites that will help funding for things like wheelchairs, health insurance and other aid and help. To visit these sites click here:http://cerebralpalsycosts.com/aid.html


Hoch, D. B. & Kaneshiro, N. K. (2009, Sept. 16). Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, from http://http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH000...
This is a website powered by Public Med Health that gives general information about Cerebral Palsy
Carr, L. (n.d.). Retrieved Oct. 23, 2011, fromhttp://www.nhs.uk/Video/Pages/Cerebralpalsy.aspx
This is the site where the cerebral palsy video was embedded from.
Source Aide. 2005. Living With Cerebral Palsy. 23 Oct. 2011 <http://http://www.livingwithcerebralpalsy.com/cerebral...>.
This is the website in which the picture was taken from